Pregnancy complications refer to several health problems that show up during the 9-months gestation period before childbirth. These complications can affect the health of the mother as well as the baby. Experts identified it as the cause of 80% of deaths caused during childbirth in India, taking the lives of almost 44,000 women every year.

Due to poor access to the required information, mismanagement of health, and the absence of good medical facilities (especially in rural areas) is considered the primary cause of such incidents. Having health problems even before conceiving a child could also lead to various complications during pregnancy. However, even medically fit women are prone to such complications. Such complications often make the pregnancy a high-risk condition, even leading to miscarriages in some cases.

Women need special care during the gestation period. Both preconception care and prenatal care is essential to avoid severe pregnancy complications. Proper nutrition and exercise are also crucial throughout the early maternity phase. However, a rigorous exercise regime should be replaced with yoga or morning walk during this period. 

It is important that a mother remains alert to detect any sort of uneasiness or symptoms related to maternity complications. This will ensure that the issue is addressed immediately before it aggravates a mother’s and child’s health.

Different complications that women go through during pregnancy

In 2016, the total number of lives affected globally due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth was found to be more than 23 Lakh. Although the count has decreased impressively from the past decades, it could be brought down further with proper awareness among women about the different maternity complications and their symptoms. The pregnancy complications list along with their symptoms is given below-

1. Preeclampsia

High blood pressure and high protein levels are two of the most common indications of a pregnant woman with preeclampsia. It usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy and could cause several abnormalities in the kidney and liver.

The symptoms showing chances of preeclampsia are-

  • Swelling
  • Nausea
  • Weight gain

The worst part about this complication is that it tends to spread fast and affect many organs. The mother needs to be given immediate medical attention in such conditions.

2. Gestational diabetes

It is one of the most common pregnancy complications, found in at least 1 out of every 6 pregnant women. Insufficient secretion of insulin in the body leads to higher blood sugar levels. Increased levels of blood sugar might affect the health of the baby, as well.

The different symptoms suggesting gestational diabetes include frequent urination, feeling thirsty more often, blurred vision, and so on.

3. Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a condition where the fetus develops outside the uterus, in the cervical canal, fallopian tube, or the pelvic region. It is mostly found in women who had opted for tubal sterilization methods.

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include vaginal spotting or bleeding, severe pain in the abdomen, pelvis or shoulder, feeling dizzy, and so on.

The required medical attention to cure the complications could also incur high expenditure. However, it is not feasible to compromise the health of the mother. To address such concerns, Bajaj Finserv offers Pregnancy Complications Cover, which provides you with the required financial and medical assistance to deal with complications during the maternity phase. Maternity insurance policy is also a customized healthcare plan to look for by pregnant women. 

Complications of pregnancy if not looked after timely, could turn fatal for the mother as well as the child. Although these complications cannot be controlled beforehand, appropriate steps could be taken in advance to stay prepared in order to deal with these issues.