The sensory organs and a few other organs work in accordance with each other in order to keep the body of an individual balanced. It involves eyes, brain, inner ear, nerves of feet etc. which is vital for the body movement in a proper manner. Eyes help in dealing with the surroundings, sensory nerves transmit messages regarding the movements and positions. Whereas the inner ear has a system of sensors which helps in detecting gravity and back and forth motion. Dizziness is when one of these organs gets turned off, which can also make the person fall. It is a type of sensation wherein the person feels lightheaded or woozy and this can ultimately result in fainting.
Dizziness should not be understood as a disease, rather it is one of the symptoms of any other disorder or disease. It is not a serious thing about which the person should be worried if it is happening on an occasional basis. However, if the frequency is higher and the individual is experiencing recurring instances of dizziness then a doctor should be consulted.
The woozy feeling is not the only type which can be linked to dizziness. A false sensation of spinning, loss of balance, ringing sound in the ear are some of the other types of experiences which can make a person feel dizzy. This can be accompanied by a number of other symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, vomiting, weakness etc.
Blood circulation or any other problem?
The human body has certain requirements which need to be fulfilled. The lack of even one of them can lead to dysfunction of the entire body. Similar is the case with dizziness. The human brain needs to have a continuous supply of oxygenated blood to keep the daily activities going. A person can faint if there is a lack of it in the brain.
The major reasons for the shortage of blood to the brain can be a drop in blood pressure or poor circulation of blood. If after sitting for a brief period of time, a person quickly stands up then it can lead to low blood pressure. And this, in turn, can cause dizziness. Also, certain health conditions such as heart attack (how to manage the heart attack) may lead to a decrease in the blood volume in the body and hence insufficient supply to the inner ear. Ultimately this also results in dizziness.
Vertigo is a possible cause for dizziness too. And the most common cause of vertigo and dizziness is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. This can make a person dizzy for a few seconds upon changing the position too quickly. An example of such a situation is sitting up in bed after lying down. The inner ear consists of vast channels of nerves going up to the brain along with fluid. This enables the brain to identify the movements of the head.
When an individual suffers from BPPV, the system of nerves starts working weirdly and end up sending false signals to the brain. The problem in the system can arise due to old age or a head injury. Meniere’s disease can be the other possible explanation for the dizziness. A person suffering from it may have too much fluid in the inner ear.
The doctors don’t know what causes such an amount of fluid to be present. Despite the reason, it makes the individual feel a certain kind of pressure in one of the ears. It is also associated with hearing loss and ear fullness. A ringing sensation in the ear is also a common symptom of having Meniere’s disease.
Sometimes dizziness can be due to the medications which the person might be taking for other diseases or conditions. The side effects of drugs that are used for blood pressure or as antibiotics can be one of the many medicines which can have a side effect. Treatment tracker can be of great help as it takes into consideration the symptoms and keeps track of health records over a period of time.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The treatment of dizziness is a combination of home remedies and other medications or surgeries. But first, the doctor needs to make sure what is the cause behind it. If he suspects anything unusual or if he is able to make something out from the information provided by the patient then he can conduct tests. The tests will help in clarifying any doubt which can be there.
MRI or a CT scan can be beneficial in understanding the situation in a better manner. A few questions regarding past medical history can also disclose the reason for dizziness. Depending upon the cause of it and symptoms the doctor may advise the patient to take medicines and perform balance exercises to cope up with the situation.
Meniere’s disease can be treated with a low salt diet whereas BPPV can be cured efficiently through surgery. Some people might also experience dizziness if they are dehydrated, so including liquid in the diet might prove to be very helpful for such a person. Therapy is one good option for the individual who is having episodes of dizziness due to anxiety.
If no cause is detected, the medicines prescribed by the doctor can help with the symptoms. Injections can also be put to use for inserting antibiotic to help with the balance of ear. Surgeries are rarely conducted to treat a patient off dizziness. But if the condition is getting worse and going out of hand then it is the most preferable option that can help.
If the medications and other types of treatments are not proving to be helpful then the doctor would suggest the patient opt for surgery. Under it, the vestibular labyrinth is removed from the affected ear. And the other ear performs the same function without any fail. Some changes in the lifestyle and daily routine can also do wonders for the patients. It involves awareness while walking so that the person doesn’t fall and worsen the condition by getting an injury on the head.
If the person is having a feeling of dizziness, he should immediately lie down and try to stay still with the eyes closed. This will allow the body to calm down and avoid a longer duration of dizziness experience. The person should also avoid caffeine and alcohol at all costs, as the continued consumption of these things can make the condition worse.